
Academics
Applied Physics, BS
Applied Physics is devoted to the study and understanding of nature. Considered the most fundamental science, it deals with the constituents, properties, and evolution of the entire universe, from the smallest subatomic particles to the largest galaxies.
At the School of Engineering, our BS in Applied Physics students study physics while working directly alongside engineers. That relationship provides lasting value, as graduates learn to adapt their careers to existing opportunities. You’re encouraged to explore your interests in such fields as entrepreneurship, biophysics, or biomedical instrumentation. Integrated circuit electronics, scanning probe metrology, and computational science are also options. Best of all, your explorations can propel you toward a dual degree, particularly in subjects such as electrical engineering, mechanical engineering, and chemistry.
With a strong foundation in physics, many of our students go on to pursue advanced studies at the master’s level. Many of our graduates seek positions within and beyond the sciences, in fields that include law, writing, and business. Others find a career in disciplines that rely on a solid foundation in physics, be it in industry, government, or education.
Curriculum
OverviewYou must complete 128 credits, as defined below, to graduate from the School of Engineering with a Bachelor of Science in Applied Physics. Please note that the curriculum that follows applies to students who began classes in the fall of 2014 or later. If you entered the School of Engineering prior to that date, please consult the curriculum and typical course schedule for students entering prior to fall 2014.
The Department of Applied Physics also offers a Minor in Applied Physics and a Concentration and Minor in Nuclear Science and Engineering. A full list of the department's undergraduate offerings is available here.
Core Physics Requirements (37 Credits)
 2 Credits Physics: the Genesis of Technology PHUY1002
 This course introduces contemporary topics in physics, along with readings and discussions of topics with technological implications.
Prerequisite: Only firstyear students are permitted to enroll in this introductory level course.  3 Credits Mechanics PHUY1013
 This course is the first of a threesemester lecture sequence in general physics for science and engineering students. Motion of particles and systems of particles. Onedimensional motion. Vectors and twodimensional motions. Forces and acceleration. Conservation of energy and momentum. Rotations. The free and driven harmonic oscillator. Gravitation. (This class meets four hours per week for lectures and recitation.)
Prerequisites: MAUY 1024 or an approved equivalent. Corequisites: MAUY 1124 or approved equivalent, and EXUY 1  3 Credits Electricity, Magnetism, & Fluids PHUY2023
 This is the second course of a threesemester lecture sequence in general physics for science and engineering students. Fluids at rest and in motion. An introduction to electric and magnetic forces and fields. Electric charge density. Electric fields from simple charge distributions. Electric potential. Capacitance.
Magnetic forces. Magnetic field from a current loop. Inductance. Magnetism
in matter. Current and resistance. (This class meets four hours per week for lectures and recitation.)
Prerequisites: PHUY 1013 and MAUY 1124 or an approved equivalent. Corequisite: PHUY 2121 General Physics Laboratory I, and EXUY 1  3 Credits Waves, Optics, & Thermodynamics PHUY2033
 This is the third course of a threesemester lecture sequence in general physics for science and engineering students. Water, sound and electromagnetic waves. Reflection, scattering and absorption. Standing waves and spectra. Superposition, diffraction and beats. Geometrical optics. Introduction to thermodynamics; temperature, heat, and entropy. (This class meets four hours per week for lectures and recitation.)
Prerequisites: PHUY 2121 and PHUY 2023. Corequisites: PHUY 2131, and EXUY 1.  4 Credits Analytical Mechanics PHUY2104
 The course covers statics by virtual work and potential energy methods. Stability of equilibrium. Particle dynamics, harmonic oscillator and planetary motion. Rigid body dynamics in two and three dimensions. Lagrangian mechanics. Dynamics of oscillating systems.
Prerequisite: PHUY 2023; Corequisite: MAUY 2034  1 Credits General Physics Laboratory I PHUY2121
 PHUY 2121 General Physics Laboratory I (0.5:1:0:1). An introductory level experimental course. Fundamental laboratory experiments in classical mechanics and electrostatics. Stresses basic experimental techniques, error analysis, and written presentation of experiment results. Experiments require progressively more detailed and sophisticated analysis. This laboratory class meets for three hours on alternate weeks.
Prerequisites: PHUY 1013 and MAUY 1124 or equivalent. Corequisite: PHUY 2023.  1 Credits General Physics Laboratory II PHUY2131
 PH 2131 General Physics Laboratory II (0.5:1:0:1). The second part of the introductory physics laboratory program. Fundamental laboratory experiments in E&M, waves, optics, and thermodynamics. Stresses experimental models and design, error and data analysis. This laboratory class meets for three hours on alternate weeks.
Prerequisites: PHUY 2121 and PHUY 2023. Corequisite: PHUY 2033  4 Credits Introduction to Modern and Solid State Physics PHUY2344
 Special theory of relativity, Michelson Morley experiment. Planck’s quantum hypothesis, photoelectric effect, Compton effect, Rutherford scattering, Bohr’s atom, DeBroglie wavelength, electron diffraction, wave function, uncertainty principle, Schrodinger equation. Application to: square well potential, one electron atom. Atomic nucleus, fission and fusion. Energy bands in a periodic lattice, Kronig Penney model, valence, conduction bands, impurity states, electron mobility. Semiconductor properties. Introduction to superconductivity; electron pairs, energy gap, Josephson effect.
Prerequisites: PHUY 2023 and MAUY 2034; Corequisite: PHUY 2033.  2 Credits Junior Physics Laboratory PHUY3002
 An intermediate level laboratory course providing in depth exposure to a selection of classic physics experiments. Students' experimental skill set is expanded and data analysis and communication skills developed.
Prerequisites: PHUY 2131 and PHUY 2033; Corequisites: PHUY 2344 and MAUY 2224.  4 Credits Electricity and Magnetism PHUY3234
 The course covers properties of the electrostatic, magnetostatic and electromagnetic field in vacuum and in material media. Maxwell’s equations with applications to elementary problems.
Prerequisites: PHUY 2033 and MAUY 2114.  4 Credits Thermodynamics and Statistical Physics PHUY4124
 The course covers fundamental laws of macroscopic thermodynamics, heat, internal energy and entropy. Topics include an introduction to statistical physics, and applications of Maxwell, FermiDirac and BoseEinstein distributions.
Prerequisites: PHUY 2344, MAUY 2114, and MAUY 2224.  4 Credits Introduction to the Quantum Theory PHUY4364
 The course introduces quantitative introduction to the quantum theory, which describes understanding light, electrons, atoms, nuclei and solid matter. Superposition principle, expectation values, momentum operator and wave function, duality, current vector, Hermitian operators, angular momentum, solution of the radial equation, electron in a magnetic field, perturbation theory, WKB approximation, identical particles. Applications include alpha decay, electrons in a periodic lattice, hydrogen spectrum, helium atom, neutronproton scattering, and quark model of baryons.
Prerequisites: PHUY 2344, MAUY 2114, and MAUY 2224.  2 Credits Senior Seminar in Physics PHUY4912
 Senior physics students, in consultation with the instructor, study and prepare presentations on several current research topics in the general area of interdisciplinary physics. Students’ performance is based on the mastery of the material chosen and also on the quality of the presentation made to the instructor and the seminar members.
Other Required Courses (40 Credits)
 4 Credits Calculus I for Engineers MAUY1024
 This course covers: Library of Functions, functions of one variable. Limits, derivatives of functions defined by graphs, tables and formulas, differentiation rules for power, polynomial, exponential and logarithmic functions, derivatives of trigonometric functions, the product and quotient rules, the chain rule, applications of the chain rule, maxima and minima, optimization. The definite integral, the Fundamental Theorem of Calculus and interpretations, theorems about definite integrals, antiderivatives. MAUY 1324 is for students who wish to take MAUY 1024 but need more review of precalculus. MAUY 1324 covers the same material as MAUY 1024 but with more contact hours per week, incorporating a full discussion of the required precalculus topics.
Prerequisite: Placement Exam or MAUY 912 or MAUY 914 (with a grade of B or better). Corequisite: EXUY 1  4 Credits Calculus II for Engineers MAUY1124
 This course covers techniques of integration, introduction to ordinary differential equations, improper integrals, numerical methods of integration, applications of integration, sequences, series, power series, approximations of functions via Taylor polynomials, Taylor series, functions of two variables, graphs of functions of two variables, contour diagrams, linear functions, functions of three variables. MAUY 1424 is for students who wish to take MAUY 1124 but need more review of precalculus. MAUY 1424 covers the same material as MAUY 1124 but with more contact hours per week, incorporating a full discussion of the required precalculus topics.
Prerequisites: MAUY 1022 (with a grade of B or better) or MAUY 1024 or MAUY 1324 (with a grade of B or better).
Corequisite: EXUY 1.  4 Credits Linear Algebra and Differential Equations MAUY2034
 MAUY 2034 is an introduction to ordinary differential equations and linear algebra. The course develops the techniques for the analytic and numeric solutions of ordinary differential equations (and systems) that are widely used in modern engineering and science. Linear algebra is used as a tool for solving systems of linear equations as well as for understanding the structure of solutions to linear (systems) of differential equations. Topics covered include the fundamental concepts of linear algebra such as Gaussian elimination, matrix theory, linear transformations, vector spaces, subspaces, basis, eigenvectors, eigenvalues and the diagonalization of matrices, as well as the techniques for the analytic and numeric solutions of ordinary differential equations (and systems) that commonly appear in modern engineering and science.
Prerequisite: MAUY 1124, MAUY 1424 or MAUY 1132. Note: Not open to students who have taken MAUY 3044 or MAUY 3054 or MAUY 3083 or MAUY 4204.  4 Credits Calculus Iii: Multidimensional Calculus MAUY2114
 Vectors in the plane and space. Partial derivatives with applications, especially Lagrange multipliers. Double and triple integrals. Spherical and cylindrical coordinates. Surface and line integrals. Divergence, gradient, and curl. Theorems of Gauss and Stokes.
Prerequisite: MAUY 1124 or MAUY 1424 or MAUY 1132.  4 Credits Data Analysis MAUY2224
 An introductory course to probability and statistics. It affords the student some acquaintance with both probability and statistics in a single term. Topics in Probability include mathematical treatment of chance; combinatorics; binomial, Poisson, and Gaussian distributions; the Central Limit Theorem and the normal approximation. Topics in Statistics include sampling distributions of sample mean and sample variance; normal, t, and Chisquare distributions; confidence intervals; testing of hypotheses; least squares regression model. Applications to scientific, industrial, and financial data are integrated into the course.NOTE: Not open to students who have taken MAUY 2233 or MAUY 3012 or MAUY 3022.
Prerequisite: MAUY 1124, MAUY1424, or MAUY 1132  3 Credits Engineering Problem Solving and Programming CSUY1133
 This introductory course in engineering problem solving and computer programming is for all undergraduate engineering students without prior programming experience in any language. The course covers the fundamentals of computer programming and its underlying principles using the MATLAB programming language. Concepts and methods are illustrated by examples from various engineering disciplines. Useful numerical techniques and their applications to realworld problems in science and engineering are also discussed. ABET competencies: a, e, k.
Corequisite: EXUY 1.  EXPOSUA1 Please refer to the bulletin for more information
 EXPOSUA2 Please refer to the bulletin for more information
 1 Credits Engineering and Technology Forum EGUY1001
 In this course the notion of invention, innovation and entrepreneurship (i2e) is introduced to the students’ educational experience. Students will be exposed to elements of a researchintensive institution and diverse research performed by leading engineers, scientists, inventors and entrepreneurs.
Two interchangeable courses
 4 Credits General Chemistry I CMUY1014
 This course covers chemical equations, chemical conservation laws, stoichiometry, thermochemistry, properties of gases, atomic structure, periodic table, chemical bonding and molecular structure. The course is required for students in the Biomolecular Science Program.
Corequisite: EXUY 1.  4 Credits General Chemistry II CMUY1024
 This course covers states of matter, chemical thermodynamics and equilibria, kinetics, acidbase chemistry, electrochemistry, introduction to organic chemistry, natural and synthetic polymers. The course is required for students in the Biomolecular Science Program.
Prerequisite: CMUY 1004 or CMUY 1014. Corequisite: EXUY 1.
Or
 4 Credits General Chemistry for Engineers CMUY1004
 This is a onesemester introductory course in general chemistry. It covers chemical equations, stoichiometry, thermodynamics, gases, atomic and molecular structure, periodic table, chemical bonding, states of matter, chemical equilibrium, organic, inorganic and polymeric materials and electrochemistry.
Corequisite: EXUY 1  4 Credits Introduction to Cell and Molecular Biology BMSUY1004
 The course covers the fundamentals of biology. Topics: Physical, chemical and biochemical bases of life on various organizational levels, cellular morphology, complementarity of form and function, including reproduction, development and genetics.
Physics and Math Electives (23 Credits)
You should select 5 applied physics elective courses totaling at least 16 Credits, and 2 math elective courses totaling at least 7 Credits. The program adviser may approve substitution of electives from other disciplines as appropriate.
Electives in the Humanities and Social Sciences (16 Credits)
You must take 16 elective credits in the humanities and social sciences, requiring EXPOSUA1 and EXPOSUA2 as prerequisites. To gain some breadth and depth of knowledge, it is required that you take courses in at least two disciplines and at least one course at an advanced level.
Free Electives, Independent Study and Projects (12 Credits)
You should take 12 credits of applied physics independent study and free electives. It is recommended that you use 6 of these credits toward a senior project or thesis topic.
Sample Course Schedule
OverviewBelow is a semesterbysemester presentation of what your schedule might look like as you work to fulfill the 128 credits required for a Bachelor of Science in Applied Physics degree at the School of Engineering.
First Year
Fall Semester
Choose one*:
 4 Credits General Chemistry for Engineers CMUY1004
 This is a onesemester introductory course in general chemistry. It covers chemical equations, stoichiometry, thermodynamics, gases, atomic and molecular structure, periodic table, chemical bonding, states of matter, chemical equilibrium, organic, inorganic and polymeric materials and electrochemistry.
Corequisite: EXUY 1  4 Credits General Chemistry I CMUY1014
 This course covers chemical equations, chemical conservation laws, stoichiometry, thermochemistry, properties of gases, atomic structure, periodic table, chemical bonding and molecular structure. The course is required for students in the Biomolecular Science Program.
Corequisite: EXUY 1.
Take all:
 2 Credits Physics: the Genesis of Technology PHUY1002
 This course introduces contemporary topics in physics, along with readings and discussions of topics with technological implications.
Prerequisite: Only firstyear students are permitted to enroll in this introductory level course.  4 Credits Calculus I for Engineers MAUY1024
 This course covers: Library of Functions, functions of one variable. Limits, derivatives of functions defined by graphs, tables and formulas, differentiation rules for power, polynomial, exponential and logarithmic functions, derivatives of trigonometric functions, the product and quotient rules, the chain rule, applications of the chain rule, maxima and minima, optimization. The definite integral, the Fundamental Theorem of Calculus and interpretations, theorems about definite integrals, antiderivatives. MAUY 1324 is for students who wish to take MAUY 1024 but need more review of precalculus. MAUY 1324 covers the same material as MAUY 1024 but with more contact hours per week, incorporating a full discussion of the required precalculus topics.
Prerequisite: Placement Exam or MAUY 912 or MAUY 914 (with a grade of B or better). Corequisite: EXUY 1  EXPOSUA1 Please refer to the bulletin for more information
 1 Credits Engineering and Technology Forum EGUY1001
 In this course the notion of invention, innovation and entrepreneurship (i2e) is introduced to the students’ educational experience. Students will be exposed to elements of a researchintensive institution and diverse research performed by leading engineers, scientists, inventors and entrepreneurs.
Spring Semester
Choose one*:
 4 Credits General Chemistry II CMUY1024
 This course covers states of matter, chemical thermodynamics and equilibria, kinetics, acidbase chemistry, electrochemistry, introduction to organic chemistry, natural and synthetic polymers. The course is required for students in the Biomolecular Science Program.
Prerequisite: CMUY 1004 or CMUY 1014. Corequisite: EXUY 1.  4 Credits Introduction to Cell and Molecular Biology BMSUY1004
 The course covers the fundamentals of biology. Topics: Physical, chemical and biochemical bases of life on various organizational levels, cellular morphology, complementarity of form and function, including reproduction, development and genetics.
Take all:
 3 Credits Mechanics PHUY1013
 This course is the first of a threesemester lecture sequence in general physics for science and engineering students. Motion of particles and systems of particles. Onedimensional motion. Vectors and twodimensional motions. Forces and acceleration. Conservation of energy and momentum. Rotations. The free and driven harmonic oscillator. Gravitation. (This class meets four hours per week for lectures and recitation.)
Prerequisites: MAUY 1024 or an approved equivalent. Corequisites: MAUY 1124 or approved equivalent, and EXUY 1  4 Credits Calculus II for Engineers MAUY1124
 This course covers techniques of integration, introduction to ordinary differential equations, improper integrals, numerical methods of integration, applications of integration, sequences, series, power series, approximations of functions via Taylor polynomials, Taylor series, functions of two variables, graphs of functions of two variables, contour diagrams, linear functions, functions of three variables. MAUY 1424 is for students who wish to take MAUY 1124 but need more review of precalculus. MAUY 1424 covers the same material as MAUY 1124 but with more contact hours per week, incorporating a full discussion of the required precalculus topics.
Prerequisites: MAUY 1022 (with a grade of B or better) or MAUY 1024 or MAUY 1324 (with a grade of B or better).
Corequisite: EXUY 1.  EXPOSUA2 Please refer to the bulletin for more information
*Choose a 2semester sequence in chemistry, or a combination of a single semester of chemistry and a semester of biology
Second Year
Fall Semester
 3 Credits Electricity, Magnetism, & Fluids PHUY2023
 This is the second course of a threesemester lecture sequence in general physics for science and engineering students. Fluids at rest and in motion. An introduction to electric and magnetic forces and fields. Electric charge density. Electric fields from simple charge distributions. Electric potential. Capacitance.
Magnetic forces. Magnetic field from a current loop. Inductance. Magnetism
in matter. Current and resistance. (This class meets four hours per week for lectures and recitation.)
Prerequisites: PHUY 1013 and MAUY 1124 or an approved equivalent. Corequisite: PHUY 2121 General Physics Laboratory I, and EXUY 1  1 Credits General Physics Laboratory I PHUY2121
 PHUY 2121 General Physics Laboratory I (0.5:1:0:1). An introductory level experimental course. Fundamental laboratory experiments in classical mechanics and electrostatics. Stresses basic experimental techniques, error analysis, and written presentation of experiment results. Experiments require progressively more detailed and sophisticated analysis. This laboratory class meets for three hours on alternate weeks.
Prerequisites: PHUY 1013 and MAUY 1124 or equivalent. Corequisite: PHUY 2023.  4 Credits Linear Algebra and Differential Equations MAUY2034
 MAUY 2034 is an introduction to ordinary differential equations and linear algebra. The course develops the techniques for the analytic and numeric solutions of ordinary differential equations (and systems) that are widely used in modern engineering and science. Linear algebra is used as a tool for solving systems of linear equations as well as for understanding the structure of solutions to linear (systems) of differential equations. Topics covered include the fundamental concepts of linear algebra such as Gaussian elimination, matrix theory, linear transformations, vector spaces, subspaces, basis, eigenvectors, eigenvalues and the diagonalization of matrices, as well as the techniques for the analytic and numeric solutions of ordinary differential equations (and systems) that commonly appear in modern engineering and science.
Prerequisite: MAUY 1124, MAUY 1424 or MAUY 1132. Note: Not open to students who have taken MAUY 3044 or MAUY 3054 or MAUY 3083 or MAUY 4204.  3 Credits Engineering Problem Solving and Programming CSUY1133
 This introductory course in engineering problem solving and computer programming is for all undergraduate engineering students without prior programming experience in any language. The course covers the fundamentals of computer programming and its underlying principles using the MATLAB programming language. Concepts and methods are illustrated by examples from various engineering disciplines. Useful numerical techniques and their applications to realworld problems in science and engineering are also discussed. ABET competencies: a, e, k.
Corequisite: EXUY 1.
Humanities and Social Sciences Elective 1 4 Credits
Spring Semester
 3 Credits Waves, Optics, & Thermodynamics PHUY2033
 This is the third course of a threesemester lecture sequence in general physics for science and engineering students. Water, sound and electromagnetic waves. Reflection, scattering and absorption. Standing waves and spectra. Superposition, diffraction and beats. Geometrical optics. Introduction to thermodynamics; temperature, heat, and entropy. (This class meets four hours per week for lectures and recitation.)
Prerequisites: PHUY 2121 and PHUY 2023. Corequisites: PHUY 2131, and EXUY 1.  4 Credits Analytical Mechanics PHUY2104
 The course covers statics by virtual work and potential energy methods. Stability of equilibrium. Particle dynamics, harmonic oscillator and planetary motion. Rigid body dynamics in two and three dimensions. Lagrangian mechanics. Dynamics of oscillating systems.
Prerequisite: PHUY 2023; Corequisite: MAUY 2034  1 Credits General Physics Laboratory II PHUY2131
 PH 2131 General Physics Laboratory II (0.5:1:0:1). The second part of the introductory physics laboratory program. Fundamental laboratory experiments in E&M, waves, optics, and thermodynamics. Stresses experimental models and design, error and data analysis. This laboratory class meets for three hours on alternate weeks.
Prerequisites: PHUY 2121 and PHUY 2023. Corequisite: PHUY 2033  4 Credits Introduction to Modern and Solid State Physics PHUY2344
 Special theory of relativity, Michelson Morley experiment. Planck’s quantum hypothesis, photoelectric effect, Compton effect, Rutherford scattering, Bohr’s atom, DeBroglie wavelength, electron diffraction, wave function, uncertainty principle, Schrodinger equation. Application to: square well potential, one electron atom. Atomic nucleus, fission and fusion. Energy bands in a periodic lattice, Kronig Penney model, valence, conduction bands, impurity states, electron mobility. Semiconductor properties. Introduction to superconductivity; electron pairs, energy gap, Josephson effect.
Prerequisites: PHUY 2023 and MAUY 2034; Corequisite: PHUY 2033.  4 Credits Calculus Iii: Multidimensional Calculus MAUY2114
 Vectors in the plane and space. Partial derivatives with applications, especially Lagrange multipliers. Double and triple integrals. Spherical and cylindrical coordinates. Surface and line integrals. Divergence, gradient, and curl. Theorems of Gauss and Stokes.
Prerequisite: MAUY 1124 or MAUY 1424 or MAUY 1132.
*To gain some breadth and depth of knowledge, take courses in at least two disciplines and at least one course at an advanced level.
Third Year
Fall Semester
 2 Credits Junior Physics Laboratory PHUY3002
 An intermediate level laboratory course providing in depth exposure to a selection of classic physics experiments. Students' experimental skill set is expanded and data analysis and communication skills developed.
Prerequisites: PHUY 2131 and PHUY 2033; Corequisites: PHUY 2344 and MAUY 2224.  4 Credits Electricity and Magnetism PHUY3234
 The course covers properties of the electrostatic, magnetostatic and electromagnetic field in vacuum and in material media. Maxwell’s equations with applications to elementary problems.
Prerequisites: PHUY 2033 and MAUY 2114.  4 Credits Data Analysis MAUY2224
 An introductory course to probability and statistics. It affords the student some acquaintance with both probability and statistics in a single term. Topics in Probability include mathematical treatment of chance; combinatorics; binomial, Poisson, and Gaussian distributions; the Central Limit Theorem and the normal approximation. Topics in Statistics include sampling distributions of sample mean and sample variance; normal, t, and Chisquare distributions; confidence intervals; testing of hypotheses; least squares regression model. Applications to scientific, industrial, and financial data are integrated into the course.NOTE: Not open to students who have taken MAUY 2233 or MAUY 3012 or MAUY 3022.
Prerequisite: MAUY 1124, MAUY1424, or MAUY 1132
Physics Elective 3 Credits
Humanities and Social Sciences Elective 2 4 Credits*
Spring Semester
 4 Credits Introduction to the Quantum Theory PHUY4364
 The course introduces quantitative introduction to the quantum theory, which describes understanding light, electrons, atoms, nuclei and solid matter. Superposition principle, expectation values, momentum operator and wave function, duality, current vector, Hermitian operators, angular momentum, solution of the radial equation, electron in a magnetic field, perturbation theory, WKB approximation, identical particles. Applications include alpha decay, electrons in a periodic lattice, hydrogen spectrum, helium atom, neutronproton scattering, and quark model of baryons.
Prerequisites: PHUY 2344, MAUY 2114, and MAUY 2224.  Chemical Laboratory Safety CMGY5040
 This course discusses problems of health and safety in chemical laboratories, including how to work safely with dangerous chemicals. This course must be completed by graduate and undergraduate chemistry students before they begin laboratory research.
Physics Elective 4 Credits
Math Elective 4 Credits
Humanities and Social Sciences Elective 3 4 Credits*
*To gain some breadth and depth of knowledge, take courses in at least two disciplines and at least one course at an advanced level.
Fourth Year
Fall Semester
 4 Credits Thermodynamics and Statistical Physics PHUY4124
 The course covers fundamental laws of macroscopic thermodynamics, heat, internal energy and entropy. Topics include an introduction to statistical physics, and applications of Maxwell, FermiDirac and BoseEinstein distributions.
Prerequisites: PHUY 2344, MAUY 2114, and MAUY 2224.  2 Credits Introduction to Senior Project in Physics PHUY4902
 A qualified senior physics student or group of students work with a faculty member (and possibly graduate students) on an advanced problem in physics. In this introductory phase the student(s) and adviser select a suitable theoretical or experimental problem in the subject area and use various resources to solve it.
 2 Credits Senior Seminar in Physics PHUY4912
 Senior physics students, in consultation with the instructor, study and prepare presentations on several current research topics in the general area of interdisciplinary physics. Students’ performance is based on the mastery of the material chosen and also on the quality of the presentation made to the instructor and the seminar members.
Physics Elective 3 Credits
Math Elective 3 Credits
Free Elective 3 Credits
Spring Semester
 4 Credits Senior Project in Physics PHUY4904
 In the project’s concluding phase, senior physics students or group of students work with a faculty member (and possibly graduate students) to solve an advanced problem in interdisciplinary physics. The conclusion of the project is a written report and an oral presentation made to the supervising faculty.
Physics Electives 3 Credits
Physics Electives 3 Credits
Humanities and Social Sciences Elective 4 4 Credits*
Free Elective 3 Credits
*To gain some breadth and depth of knowledge, take courses in at least two disciplines and at least one course at an advanced level.