Research Brief

AI-powered and Robot-assisted Manufacturing for Modular Construction

Semiha Ergan, assistant professor in the Departments of Civil and Urban Engineering, and Computer Science and Engineering and Chen Feng, assistant professor in the departments of Civil and Urban and Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering will lead this project.   

Modular construction, with an established record of accelerating projects and reducing costs, is a revolutionary way to transform the construction industry. However, new construction capabilities are needed to perform modular construction at scale, where, as is the case in factories, the industry suffers from the dependency on skilled labor. Among the challenges this project aims to address: 

  • Every project is unique and requires efficiency and accuracy in recognition and handling workpieces
  • Design and production-line changes are common, and require design standardization and optimization of modules, and
  • Production lines are complex in space and time, and necessitate the guidance of workers while processing design and installation information accurately

To focus on these challenges while exploring modular construction within the context of Future Manufacturing (FM), this project exploits opportunities at the intersection of AI/robotics/building information modeling and manufacturing, with the potential to increase the scalability of modular construction.

The research will pioneer initial formulations to enable (a) high throughput in manufacturing through the definition and evaluation of processes that embrace real-time workpiece semantic grounding and in-situ AR-robotic assistance, (b) feasibility studies of optimizing and standardizing the design of modules, and utilization of a cyber-infrastructure for their standardization, (c) prototyping cyber-infrastructures as both novel ways of forming academia and industry partnerships, and data infrastructures to accelerate data-driven adaption in FM for modular construction, and (d) synergistic activities with a two-year institution to train and educate FM workforce for the potential of FM and technologies evaluated.

The team argues that, while the evaluations of technologies will focus on the modular construction, the proposed technologies could make manufacturing industries more competitive, particularly heavy manufacturing industries that share similar challenges such as agricultural, mining, and ship building. The project will therefore enhance U.S. competitiveness in production, bolster economic growth, educate students, and influence workforce behavior towards efficiency and accuracy with the skills required for leadership in FM.