Myles W. Jackson

Myles W. Jackson

Dibner Family Professor of the History &
Philosophy of Science &
Technology, Director of Science &
Technology Studies, and Professor of the History of Science and Technology, The Gallatin School of NYU

NYU-Gallatin and NYU-Poly, Technology, Culture and Society

  • Phone: (212) 998-8488
  • Office: NYU-Gallatin, Room 405, 1 Washington Place, Manhattan, NY 10003

Biography

Born in Paterson, New Jersey on 25 November 1964, Jackson is the Dibner Family Professor of the History and Philosophy of Science and Technology at Polytechnic Institute of New York University. Jackson is also Professor of the History of Science and Technology at the Gallatin School of New York University. He received his Ph.D. in the history and philosophy of science from Cambridge University in 1991. He has been a Senior Fellow of the Dibner Institute of the History of Science and Technology of MIT and the Max-Planck-Institute for the History of Science in Berlin, Germany. He has taught in the Department of History of Science at Harvard University, the Department of History and the Fischbein Center for the History, Philosophy, and Sociology of Science of the University of Chicago, and the Department of the History and Sociology of Science at the University of Pennsylvania. He has received teaching awards from Harvard and Penn. He is the author of 40 articles and book chapters on the history, philosophy, and sociology of science and technology, with a particular emphasis on the cultural history of nineteenth-century German physics. He has also authored two books, Harmonious Triads: Physicists, Musicians, and Instrument Makers in Nineteenth-Century Germany (MIT Press, 2006) and Spectrum of Belief: Joseph von Fraunhofer and the Craft of Precision Optics (MIT Press, 2000), which won the Paul Bunge Prize of the German Chemical Society for the best work on the history of scientific instruments in 2005 and the Hans Sauer Prize for the best work on the history of inventors and inventions in 2007. Spectrum of Belief has been translated into German, Fraunhofers Spektren: Die Präzisionsoptik als Handwerkskunst, Wallstein Verlag, 2009. He was elected member of the Erfurt Academy of Sciences in 2009 and to the German National Academy of Sciences- Leopoldina (Halle) in 2011. He is currently working on the effects of intellectual property law and the patenting of human genes on research in molecular biology and is serving as an expert for the ACLU in their attempts to torpedo the BRCA 1 and 2 gene patents. His current book manuscript is tentatively "Patents, Race, and HIV/AIDS: A History of the CCR5 Gene Patent."

Journal Articles

  • "Measuring Musical Virtuosity: Physicists, Physiologists, and the Pianist's Touch in the Nineteenth Century," in the Journal of the American Liszt Society 61-62 (2010-11): 13-40.
  • “From Physical Instruments of Measurement to Musical Instruments of Aesthetics,” in Sound Studies Handbook, edited by Trevor Pinch and Karin Bijsterveld (Oxford University Press, 2011), pp. 201-223.
  • “Hermann von Helmholtz and Perception,” in Halbschlafbilder in der Literatur, den Künsten und den WIssenschaften, edited by Roger Paulin and Hemult Pfotenhauer (Würzburg: Könighausen und Neumann Verlag, 2011), pp. 111-122.
  • "Standardisierung und Subversion der musikalischen Ästhetik: musikalische und physikalische Instrumente in der Musik des 19. und 20. Jahrhunderts", in Daniel Gethmann, Hrsg., Klangmaschinen zwischen Experiment und Medientechnik (Vienna/Wien: [Transkript] Kultur- und Medientheorie, 2010), pp. 21-33.
  • "Science Studies at Technological Universities," in Newsletter of the American Sociology Association: Science, Knowledge, and Technology, Spring 2008, pp. 8-9.
  • "Musik und Physik: Eine interdisziplinäre Kulturgeschichte," in Berichte zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte 31 (2008): 94-112. "
  • "Nature and Culture: Teaching ELSI in a History-of-Science Course," in Ronald M. Green and Aine Donovan, eds., The Human Genome Project in College Curriculum: Ethical Issues and Practical Strategies (Dartmouth College and the University of New England Press, 2008), pp. 158-165.
  • "How Science is Redefining Ethical Categories: The Implications of the Human Genome Project," in The 4th R, 21 (May-June 2008), pp. 3-8
  • "Putting the Subject back into Color: Accessibility in Goethe's Zur Farbenlehre" in Perspectives on Science: Reading up on the Opticks: Refashioning Newton's Theories of Light and Colors in Eighteenth-Century Textbooks, edited by Alan Shapiro and Jed Buchwald, 16 (2008): 378-391.
  • "Physics and Music in Nineteenth-Century Prussia: Wilhelm Eduard Weber and Precision Measurement" in Interdisciplinary Science Reviews 31 (December 2006), pp. 307-322.
  • "Elektrisierte Theologie: Johann Heinrich Winckler und die Elektrizität in Leipzig in der Mitte des 18. Jahrhunderts" in Musik, Kunst und Wissenschaft im Zeitalter Johann Sebastian Bachs, ed. by Ulrich Leisinger and Christoph Wolff (New York: Georg Olms Verlag, 2005), pp. 51-66.
  • "Physics, Machines and Musical Pedagogy in Nineteenth-Century Germany," in History of Science, 42, no. 4 (December 2004), pp. 371-418.
  • "Can Artisans be Scientific Authors?" in Scientific Authorship, edited by Peter Galison and Mario Biagioli (New York: Routledge, 2003), pp. 113-131.
  • "Harmonious Investigators of Nature: Music and the Persona of the German Naturforscher in the Nineteenth Century," in Science in Context 16, no. 1-2 (March 2003), pp. 121-145.
  • "Lord Rayleigh and the History of Nineteenth-Century Acoustics," in Enciclopedia Italiana, Storia della scienza 10 vols., (Rome: 2001-2004), 7 (2003), pp. 339-342.
  • "British and German Laboratories in the Nineteenth Century," in Enciclopedia Italiana, Storia della scienza 10 vols., (Rome: 2001-2004) 7 (2003), pp. 305-314.
  • "Vision and Optics" and "The Imperial Bureau of Standards" in The Oxford Companion to the History of Modern Science, edited by John L. Heilbron (Oxford University Press, 2003), pp. 114-115 and 601-604.
  • "Optics in the Enlightenment," in The Oxford Companion to the Enlightenment, edited by Alan Charles Kors (Oxford University Press, 2002), vol. 3, pp. 212-215.
  • "From Theodolite to Spectral Apparatus," in Instrumentation: Between Science, State and Industry, edited by Terry Shinn and Bernward Joerges (Holland: Kluwer, 2001), pp. 17-28.
  • "Joseph von Fraunhofer," in The Reader's Guide to the History of Science, edited by Arne Hessenbruch (London: Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers, 2000), pp. 267-8.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe," in The Reader's Guide to the History of Science, edited by Arne Hessenbruch (London: Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers, 2000), pp. 308-9.
  • "Illuminating the Opacity of Achromatic Lenses Production: Joseph von Fraunhofer and His Monastic Laboratory," The Architecture of Science, edited by Peter Galison and Emily Thompson (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1999), pp. 141-164.
  • "The State and Nature of Freedom: German Romantic Biology and Ethics," in Biology and the Foundations of Ethics, edited by Michael Ruse and Jane Maienschein (Cambridge University Press, 1999), pp. 98-112.
  • "Buying the Dark Lines of the Solar Spectrum: Joseph von Fraunhofer and His Standard for Optical Glass Production," in Archimedes 1, edited by Jed Z. Buchwald (1996), pp. 1-22.
  • "Genius and the Stages of Life in Eighteenth-Century Britain and Germany," in Les Ages de la Vie en Grande-Bretagne au XVIIIe Siécle, edited by Serge Soupel (Paris: Presses de la Sorbonne Nouvelle: 1995), pp. 35-46.
  • "Towards an Unnatural History of Immunology," co-authored with Warwick Anderson (primary author) and Barbara Rosenkrantz, Journal of the History of Biology 27, no. 3 (September 1994), pp. 575-594.
  • "Artisanal Knowledge and Experimental Natural Philosophers: Focusing on the British Response to Joseph von Fraunhofer's Optical Institute," in Studies in History and Philosophy of Science 25, no. 4 (August 1994), pp. 549-575.
  • "Natural and Artificial Budgets: Accounting for Goethe's Economy of Nature," in Science in Context 7 (1994), pp. 409-431, reprinted in Michael Power, ed., Accounting and Science (Cambridge University Press, 1996), pp. 57-80
  • "A Spectrum of Belief: Goethe's 'Republic' Versus Newtonian 'Despotism'", in Social Studies of Science 24, no. 4 (November 1994), pp. 673-701.
  • "The Politics of Goethe's Views on Nature," in Enlightenment,  (edited by Marie-Cecile Revauger), Societe d'Etudes Ecossaises et Dix-huitiemistes, Grenoble: 1992), pp. 143-155.
  • "Die britische Antwort auf Fraunhofer und die bayerische Hegemonie der Optik" in Deutsches Museum Jahrbuch 1992 (Munich: C.H. Beck, 1993), pp. 117-138.
  • "Goethe's Economy of Nature and the Nature of His Economy," in Accounting, Organizations and Society 17, no. 5 (1992), pp. 459-469.
  • "Reductionism in Molecular Biology," in Nature 336, No. 6167, November 24, 1988, p. 302.

Other Publications

Essay Reviews in Reviewed Journals:

  • "Molecular Genetics: Redefining the Relationship between Science and Society," in Historical Studies of the Natural Sciences 39 (2009): 367-376.
  • "A cultural history of Victorian physical science and technology," in Historical Journal  50 (March 2007), pp. 1-12.
  • "Music and Science During the Scientific Revolution" in Perspectives on Science 9, no. 1 (2001), pp. 106-115.
  • "Labor, Skills, and Practices in the Scientific Enterprise: Recent Works in the Cultural History of Science," in The Journal of Modern History, 74 (December 1999), pp. 902-913.

Book Reviews in Reviewed Journals:

  • "The Rise of Physics: A Review of Iwan R. Morus' When Physics Became King" in American Scientist vol. 93 (November-December 2005), http://www.americanscientist.org/template/BookReviewTypeDetail/assetid/4...
  • Guilano Pancaldi, Volta: Science and Culture in the Age of the Enlightenment, in American Journal of Physics 72 (2004), pp. 718-9.
  • Michel Chaouli, The Laboratory of Poetry. Chemistry and Poetics in the Work of Friedrich Schlegel, in Metascience 12 (2003), pp. 336-7.
  • Thomas Broman, The Transformation of the German Medical Profession, 1750-1825, in The Journal of Modern History, 71 (1999), 237-9.
  • R.H. Stephenson, Goethe's Conception of Knowledge and Science, Isis 87 (1996), pp. 558-9. R. Steven Turner, In the Eye's Mind in Metascience, New Series, Issue 7 (1995), pp. 232-4
  • Steven Shapin, A Social History of Truth in Metascience New Series, Issue 6 (1994), pp. 10-14. World Views and Scientific Discipline Formation, edited by William R. Woodward and Robert S. Cohen, Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science, vol. 134 in Annals of Science 51 (1994), pp. 655-6.
  • Review of Goethe und Soemmering Briefwechsel, edited by Manfred Wetzel, Isis 81, #309 (1991).
  • Jeremy Adler's, Eine fast magische Anziehungskraft. Goethes 'Wahlverwandtschaften' und die Chemie seiner Zeit in Historical Studies in the Physical and Biological Sciences, 20, Part 2, 1990.
  • Dennis Sepper, Goethe Contra Newton: Polemics and the Project for a New Science of Color in The British Journal for the History of Science, 22, Part I, No. 72, March 1989, pp. 121-3.
  • Essay Review of Science and Medicine, vol. 6, edited by D. Heyward Brock and Medicine in Film: A Checklist, Survey and Research Resource in the Publication of the Society for Literature and Science, 5, no. 1, November 1989.

Education

Harvard University, Class of 92-4

NSF and Mellon Postdoctoral Fellow, History of Science

Technische Universität Berlin, Germany, Class of 91

Walther Rathenau Postdoctoral Fellow, History and Philosophy of Physics

Cambridge University, Class of 1991

Doctor of Philosophy, History and Philosophy of Science

Cambridge University, Class of 1988

M.Phil., history and philosophy of science/physics

Cornell University, Class of 1986

B.A. with Honors, German literature, molecular and cell biology

Experience

Fraunhofer ITWM (Fraunhofer Institute for Applied Mathematics)

Humboldt Research Fellow

From: May 2011 to August 2011

MIT

Senior Research Fellow of the Dibner Institute for the History of

From: August 2003 to July 2004

Max-Planck-Institute for the History of Science

Alexander von Humboldt Fellow

From: January 2000 to August 2000

University of Chicago

From: August 1995 to July 1998

University of Pennsylvania

From: July 1994 to July 1995

Harvard University

From: August 1992 to July 1994

Authored + Edited Books

  • Harmonious Triads: Physicists, Musicians and Instrument Makers in Nineteenth-Century Germany (Cambridge, MA and London: The MIT Press, 2006), paperback 9/2008
  • Spectrum of Belief: Joseph von Fraunhofer and the Craft of Precision Optics (Cambridge, MA and London: The MIT Press, 2000). German translation: Fraunhofers Spektren: Die Präzionsoptik als Handwerkkunst (Göttingen: Wallstein Verlag, 2009)
  • Music, Sound, and the Laboratory during the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries (co-edited with Julia Kursell and Alix Hui), Osiris vol. 28 (forthcoming 2013), The University of Chicago Press.

Awards + Distinctions

  • Elected to the German National Academy of Sciences- Leopoldina (Halle), 2011
  • Francis Bacon Visiting Professor, Division of Humanities and Social Sciences, California Institute of Technology, 1/2012-5/2012
  • Keynote address to the Annual Meeting of the German Society for the History of Science, Technology, and Medicine, Stuttgart, Germany, 9/2011
  • Keynote address to the Thuringia Academy of Sciences, Erfurt, Germany, 6/2011
  • Alexander-von-Humboldt Award, Fraunhofer Institute for Technical and Economic Mathematics, Kaiserslautern, Germany Summer 2011
  • Rausing Professorial Lecture, Dept. of the History and Philosophy of Science, University of Cambridge
  • Francis Bacon Prize in the History and Philosophy of Science and Technology from Caltech
  • Alexander von Humboldt Fellow
  • Hans Sauer Prize for the Best Work on the History of Invention
  • Paul Bunge Prize for the Best Work on the History of Scientific Instruments
  • Induction into the Erfurt Academy of Sciences
  • Derek Bok Teaching Award- Harvard University
  • UPenn Teaching Award

Affiliations

Professor of the History of Science, The Gallatin School of Individualized Study, NYU

Advisory Editorial Board of Science and Culture in the Nineteenth Century (Pickering and Chatto Publishers)

Advisory Editorial Board of History of Science

Academy of Sciences, Erfurt Germany

Research Interests

  • Molecular biology and intellectual property in Europe and the US
  • History of 18th- and 19th-century German and British physics and technology
  • Music, Science and Technology in the 18th, 19th and 20th centuries
  • History of 18th- and 19th-century biology
  • Bioethics

General / Collaborative Research

I am serving as an expert witness for the ACLU on the challenging of the BRCA 1 and 2 genes.

Grants

"The History of the Telescope" Conference, (PI)

The Humanities Initiative of NYU, April 2010

"Science at the Boundaries" NYU "Seed" Grant, (Co-PI)

NYU, 2009-2010