Organic and inorganic foods

Organic food is when food is made without chemicals and inorganic food is when they are made with genetically modified organisms and they are not arising from natural growth. Organic food is much more nutritious and naturally grown considering the fact that they are not grown artificially. Genetically modified organisms are when genetic information that are inserted into plants and animals and other organisms that people eat and since the population increases every year, the demand for food has also increased and that is the reason why farmers use genetically modified organisms. Whole foods is food that is not processed and if they are, it is processed as little as possible. Local food is food that people buy from supermarkets and they come from small nearby farms so the food is more fresher and less genetically modified.

Satellites and Space Stations

Today we learned about satellites and how they are made to go around a specific orbit. Also, about the names of each orbit. We also learned about the INTERNATIONAL SPACE STATION. It takes the space station about 90 minutes to just go around the EARTH once.  That way it’s able to outrun the EARTH and stay in orbit.  We also kept building with the LEGOs. Today i helped build the NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS, it wasn’t easy building it but after some work we came up with some good ideas and finally finished it. It still needs some final adjustments, but those will be made next time we work on the city.

Satellites and the Way They Orbit

Today we learned about space and wireless communications. We learned about satellites and the way they orbit. We spent a lot of time discussing Newton’s laws. We also discussed ellipses and the patterns planets make when they orbit. Towards the end of the day, we finished all of our major buildings. The nuclear plant I was working on finally got finished and it looks great.

Smart Transportation Systems and Smart Highways

Today, I learned about Smart transportation systems like by reducing the use of gases such as methane and CO2. I learned mass transit is more effective than personalized vehicles because they allow large numbers of people to travel long distances using the least amount of fuel possible. I also learned about new innovative ways scientists are trying to improve  public transportation through the SMT rail and Straddling bus. The SMT rail involves a single rail with a car attached. when payment is given the car arrives at the stop/location you wish to be at then lets you off. Similarly, the Straddling bus, is a double layer bus that allows cars to pass through underneath to reduce congestion caused by large vehicles. I also learned about Smart Highways and Cars. I learned that by making cars aerodynamic,convenient, safer, and with higher fuel economy, cars become more efficient. Towards the end of the day, i found out that depending on the material used as pavement, either cement or asphalt, can change the durability and smoothness of the road. While cement is more durable, asphalt is smoother and in the long run, more expensive.

Smart Grids

The 3rd week of SoSC was all about transportation. It was very interesting because I really like cars and talking about them. But we really didn’t talk about cars we talked about how to make a new generation of cars and trucks,highways, and even the subway. We came up with some new ideas like elevated highways, and underground MagLevs. We learned how to program using an ARDUINO and make a robot that uses SONAR , follows a line on a paper. It was a very fun week and I’m looking forward to the 4th and last week “Wireless Communication”.

The New York Transit Musuem

Hey,Hey,Hey Essi here, and Wednesday we went to the The New York Transit Museum to see the old train cars. We learned the history of trains up to now. it was really cool because we got to see train cars used in the old days and how they got around. The Grand Central Terminal was celebrating its 100 anniversary. Can you believe that it was around for 4 generations!!  Cornelius Vanderbilt was the one who built Grand Central. He built it because of electricty. He was a poor little fellow and turned out to be a success. That is why if you go to the Grand Central Station you will see a lot of acorns and leafs because he said a acorn grows into a graet success like himself! The difference between the train cars now and the ones in the old days is the ones now are more advanced than the ones in the past. We also played a really cool game and we had too figure out out what pools up Putidlof meant and it meant Fold it up. It was a really cool trip!!

Traffic Engineering: An Idea

Today in class we had a lecture on traffic engineering. During our activity we brainstormed ideas for traffic engineering in a smart city. One of my ideas was W.T.T.I. (Wireless Telecommunication Transportation Infrastructure.) In simple terms all devices of traffic infrastructure will have a built in microchip, upon construction. Therefore, transportation infrastructure can interact in a way to make local travel in a more safe and efficient manner. For example; on a two way street, the first side is congested, (with a light flashed red),and the other side of the street has no cars coming. The side of the street with no cars coming has the lights flashed “green.” The “intelligent” street lights will pick up on the fact there are no cars coming, (and none to come anytime soon.) It will send a message to the red light where the L.O.S (Level of Service) is terrible. That light, recognizing the problem at end, will turn green expediting local travel, and letting people get from point A to point B in the safest way possible making many people satisfied and happy. This idea can revolutionize our urban infrastructure making local travel in New York City a whole lot better.

Carbon Cycle, City Food and Resources and Local, Whole and Organic Foods

I learned about the Carbon Cycle, the process in which carbon is exchanged throughout the earth. Carbon cycles through the Biosphere, Pedosphere, Geosphere, Hydrosphere, and Atmosphere through respiration emissions, photosynthesis, and ocean uptake. Photoplankton absorbs carbon and transfers it through the sea’s ecosystem. I also learned about the difference between Local, Whole, and Organic foods. Local food is food made in the neighborhood. Whole food is food shipped from outside the state or country. Organic food is food without preservatives and pesticides. Finally, I learned about City food and resources, essentially, the things required or needed to create a functionally operating city. Markets, government , and reactions to disasters are important parts of a city as one provides food, leadership and ways to deal with problems we cannot control.

David; Group B

Efficiency in our City

Today, Malique, Dani, Antoine, Kamaya, and I were in charge of making houses. While we were making houses, we kept color reflectivity in mind. Albedo is the reflectivity of an object. Since we knew that the albedo of the color white is low, we planned to make that the color, of the roof. Unfortunately, we were not able to make the roof white today because of time. A pro of low albedo colors on roofs is that it can reflect the sun’s harmful rays off of the building which cools up the building and they do not have to use too much energy for air conditioners and/or fans which helps contribute to saving energy. Other than not being able to finish, today was a very fun day.

Maglev Transportation System

Hi it Renisha, Kayla, Essi, Sean, Brandon and Dylan! Today we started building for our SMART city. Our group worked on transportation. For a modernized transportation method, we worked on using maglev and incorporating them into public transportation like trains and bus. Maglev is powering things using magnetism and the power from magnets. This replaces the use for electricity and reduces the usage of power plants that make coal and produce greenhouse gases. So far, we have “made” a maglev train and bus.