Venue 1: Room 325

Students: Jelani Williams, Tyler Logan, Jacalyn Goldzweig Panitz, Omar TavarezSylvia Kohn-Levitt, Jason SerranoJordan OlivierJason Shin, Sharri GlloxhaniJemima ConstanzaEdmondLoi, Michael NtiMinci LiangJanil Lema, Jeffrey  WongDaniel CohenErica Flear and Brian Chen.
 

Jelani Williams

Jelani

Lab: Mechatronics

Faculty: Dr. Vikram Kapila

Mentor: Aniket P. Sharma

Time: 10.00 am

 

Abstract

Indoor robot navigation and localization is an interesting problem in the field of autonomous robots..Because the global positioning system (GPS) is not usually available in indoor environments, it is difficult to determine a robot location and plan a robot path without information about the surroundings. The simplest navigation approach is to rely on the equipped odometer. However, odometer-based navigation is not reliable due to mechanical problems such as slippery surfaces, inaccurate motors, and uncalibrated sensors. Accumulated navigation errors cause a mobile robot to be deviated from final destinations. Therefore, it is not trivial to achieve accurate robot navigation and localization in indoor environments. The other critical components of mapping an unknown environment are the robot’s ability to locate itself on a partially explored map.SLAM Simultaneous Localization and Mapping provides a real time mapping technique which helps the robot map an unknown environment in which it is placed and find its position in the environment. The mobile platform we will use is the Pioneer 3DX from the mobile robotics, and the environment will be mapped using the data from a SICK laser sensor

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Tyler Logan and Jacalyn Goldzweig Panitz

Taylor Jacaklyn

Lab: Soil Mechanics

Faculty: Dr. Magued Iskander

Mentors: Sophia Mercurio and Zhibo (Chris) Chen

Time: 10.12 am

 

Abstract

This research studies some of the subsurface phenomena that occur when foundations are constructed, such as particle movement on the macro-, meso-, and micro-scales. These effects of pile installation methods can vary based on surrounding soils and structures. Therefore, this research compares the effects that occur during two different installation methods, driving and jacking, as well as in different granular soil sites.

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Omar Tavarez

Omar

Lab: Developmental Genomics

Faculty: Dr. Christine A. Rushlow

Mentor: Hannah Crimmins

Time: 10.32 am

 

Abstract

No matter how complex an animal is, each one starts from a single cell – the fertilized egg, and depends on the expression of role-specific sets of genes in their DNA to make the hundreds of cell types that together constitute the body. We study the transcription factors that give rise to the nervous system of the embryo. These factors control target gene activities by binding to specific DNA sequences in the gene regulatory region, and promoting transcription.  We will use various genetic techniques to manipulate both the proteins and the DNA sequences they bind, in order to shed light on the gene network that makes the nervous system of the developing fly embryo.

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Sylvia Kohn-Levitt and Jason Serrano

Jason and Sylvia

Lab: Chromosome Inheritance

Faculty: Dr. Andreas Hochwagen

Mentor: Viji Subramanian and Andreas Hochwagen

Time: 10.44 am

 

Abstract

Proper levels of chromosome recombination are crucial for efficient chromosome inheritance during the formation of egg and sperm (meiosis) in humans. Consequently, errors in recombination are a significant cause of infertility, spontaneous abortions and birth defects like Down syndrome. We will perform a mutagenesis screen to identify novel genes/mutations that influence chromosome recombination using budding yeast as a model organism. As many meiotic factors have conserved roles in yeast and humans, mutations isolated in this screen will directly impact our understanding of recombination, chromosome inheritance and infertility in humans

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Jordan Olivier

Jordan

Lab: Mechatronics

Faculty: Dr. Vikram Kapila

Mentor: Yashraj Sahasrabudhe

Time: 11.04 am

 

 

 

Abstract

Our research is based on autonomous path planning and path execution techniques for mobile robots, which can be commanded or tele-operated via a user interface on a mobile platform. We here at Mechatronics and Controls Lab are very focused in learning how the interaction between a human and a robot can be simplified through adjusting the autonomy of the robot. Our goal is also to make interaction with robots as seamless as possible so that these autonomous agents aid humans in daily activities.

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Jason Shin and Sharri Glloxhani

Jason Shin and Sharri

Lab: CATT

Faculty: Dr. Shivendra Panwar

Mentor: Fraida Fund, George Kyriakou and Sanjay Goyal

Time: 11.16 am

 Abstract

A cognitive radio is an intelligent wireless system that is aware of its environment. It uses this knowledge to communicate reliably in a dynamic setting. Our ARISE students will program a software defined radio pair to implement a cognitive radio scenario related to ongoing research in CATT.

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Jemima Constanza

Jemima

Lab: Soil Mechanics

Faculty: Dr. Magued Iskander

Mentor: Eduardo Suescun-Florez

Time: 11.36 am

 

Abstract

Studies on the role of the strain rate in sand have shown a gradual increase on mechanical parameters as the strain rate increases. Particle size and size distribution may play a significant role on the soil response subjected to strain rate. Therefore, this role on granular material subjected to different strain rate loading is to be investigated. The results will facilitate the understanding of soil-structure interaction problems including pile driving and jacking during installation, as well as static and dynamic compaction.

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Edmond Loi

Edmond

Lab: Mechtronics

Faculty: Dr. Vikram Kapila

Mentor: Raghavender Goud Yadagiri

Time: 11.48 am

 

Abstract

In this project we are developing a MATLAB and Simulink based Control Toolbox .This toolbox will enable users to design control algorithms for multi-core microcontrollers through a Graphical User Interface (GUI).  Our approach illustrates partitioning of user interaction, sensing, and control tasks on different cores of the multi-core microcontroller. We contrast the experimental implementation of the digital controller on a multi-core versus a single core platform. The proposed multi-core approach can be beneficial for processing-intensive control algorithms that can be partitioned into and implemented as several discrete processes, each running in different cores. A commercially available Propeller multi-core microcontroller is used to demonstrate an experimental implementation of this approach.

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Michael Nti

Michael

Lab: Composite Materials and Mechanics Lab

Faculty: Dr. Nikhil Gupta

Mentor: Chongchen Xiang

Time: 12.45 pm

 

Abstract

Magnesium alloys are excellent candidates for several structural applications in the aerospace industries. Using magnesium alloys, it is possible to design lighter structural components such as seat frames, which give rise to improved fuel efficiency of vehicles and airplanes and reduced greenhouse gas emission. In this study, we will study a magnesium alloy named WE43. Microstructure of the as-casting and heat treated WE43 will be evaluated. The project will include optical microscopy, grain size measurement, and hardness measurement to understand the effect of heat treatment. From the results, the behavior under different aging and temperatures can be understood.

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Minci Liang

Minci

Lab: Developmental Genomics

Faculty: Dr. Christine A. Rushlow

Mentor: Mavis Liu

Time: 12.57pm

 

Abstract

Zelda is a key regulator that functions at many times in development to direct the formation of tissues and organs such as the brain.  One of Zelda’s roles is to ensure the production of the correct number of neural stem cells so that the brain ends up with the right number of neurons. Zelda is a transcription factor that binds and activates target genes. We will verify some of those target genes in neural stem cells by testing whether they are expressed normally in Zelda mutants (when Zelda is absent). In this way we will begin to build the gene network that Zelda coordinates during brain development.

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Janil Lema and Jeffrey  Wong

Janil and Jeffrey

Lab: Protein Engineering

Faculty: Dr. Jin Montclare

Mentors: Chingyao Yang and Andrew Olsen

Time: 1.09 pm

 

 

 

Abstract

Organophosphates (OPs) are a class of compounds that comprise many commercial pesticides as well as military-grade nerve gas agent. OPs inactivate acetylcholine by binding to their active sites, which leads to accumulation of acetylcholine and subsequent hyper-stimulation of nerve synapses. It has been demonstrated that phosphotriesterase (PTE) enzyme are capable of neutralizing these chemicals. During this summer, students will learn how to synthesize and characterize new PTE enzyme that protects human bodies from toxic chemicals (OPs) in the protein engineering lab.

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Daniel Cohen

ARISE 2014 - Daniel

Lab: Composite Materials and Mechanics Lab

Faculty: Dr. Nikhil Gupta

Mentor: Chongchen Xiang

Time: 1.29 pm

 

 

Abstract

Carbon fiber laminates have high rigidity coupled with low relative density. Their applications are geared towards wind turbine blades, automobile panels, and aircraft parts including helicopter blades and aircraft wings. Carbon fiber laminates are now extensively used in aircraft structures. The project will focus on understanding the effect of weathering (including moisture and high temperature) on the properties of carbon fiber reinforced laminates. A comparison of the difference between mechanical behavior of pre- and post- weathering specimens will help in understanding the residual mechanical properties and failure modes.

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Erica Flear

ARISE 2014 - Erica

Lab: Developmental Genomics

Faculty: Dr. Christine A. Rushlow

Mentor: Melody Foo

Time: 1.41pm

 

Abstract

Zelda is a key protein that activates target genes in the early Drosophila embryo. This protein uses its zinc finger domains to bind to specific DNA sequences (for example, CAGGTAG) in target-gene regulatory regions, which then triggers transcriptional activation. Using molecular biology techniques, we will induce mutations in the zinc finger domains to inactivate them. We will then determine how DNA binding is affected and which zinc finger, or combination of zinc fingers, is essential for binding the DNA motifs in target gene regulatory regions.

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Brian Chen

Brian

Lab: Composite Materials and Mechanics Lab

Faculty and Mentor: Dr. Nikhil Gupta

Time: 1.53pm

 

 

Abstract

Composite materials are widely used in marine and aerospace structures. Composites fabricated by dispersing microscopic hollow particles in a matrix are referred to as syntactic foams. A new type of high performance glass particles is now available, which will be used to fabricate syntactic foams. These particles will be used in epoxy resin matrix to fabricate syntactic foams. Testing will include measurement of density, compressive strength, and flexural strength.

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